Consultancy- Community level child protection: Participatory facilitation using creative methods

Terms of reference


Background

Over the past decade, the field of international child protection in humanitarian and development contexts has changed and matured in significant ways. A previous focus on deficits and problems is being eclipsed by a new focus on children’s resilience, and more attention is being paid to improving the evidence base and strengthening wider systems of child protection. However, significant gaps remain with regard to prevention, local ownership, and sustainability. Still needed are deeper ways of engaging with communities which enable them to own and lead internally guided processes to address harm to children.

Communities play significant roles in preventing and responding to the concerns children face, and they organise themselves in a variety of ways to protect children who are at risk. Community-level approaches to child protection support community members to protect children and ensure their right to healthy development. In these approaches, the external actors should seek to understand and build on already existing communities’ resources for and commitment to children. They should support existing capacities, structures and processes that are led and organised by community members, including children, and avoid introducing unfamiliar concepts and new structures or groups that could weaken existing practice.

Community-level approaches are most effective and sustainable when communities see them as meeting their collective responsibility to children. In general, the community level engagement includes the following phases:

  • Learning phase: learning with and about the community which sets the stage for the community level work; -
  • Community planning: identification and prioritization which harm(s) to children to prevent and respond to; and identification of community solutions to these harms;
  • Community action: taking steps to address the selected harm(s) to children;
  • Community M&E: monitoring and evaluation of the community action.

Evidence shows that patient facilitation of community-level processes support community ownership and positive outcomes for children. The facilitator, who plays a key role in all the abovementioned phases, may be a staff member of an external actor – an outsider who is not from the community and who brings an external perspective – but also a member of the community who brings an insider’s perspective. The facilitator does not counsel, guide, or quietly lead community members to address particular child protection issues or to use a particular action approach.

Community-led or participatory theatre offers communities the opportunity to actively reflect together by using the stage as a place to explore new ways of living and express new visions of the future. It is an approach in which the actors interact with the public, based on a real concern. Throughout the participatory event, the public participates to adapt, change or correct a situation, an attitude or a behaviour that is developed during the show. This form of theatre aims to join entertainment with an exploration of attitudes and to share knowledge in order to stimulate positive.

Rather, the facilitator is there to learn, ask questions, invite dialogue among people who are positioned in very different ways, and to support the conditions conducive to full community participation, discussion of different options, decision-making, and action(1) .

In the Guide for supporting community-led child protection processes (2) , Mike Wessells identifies and describes the following soft skills of a facilitator: humility and respect, empathy, deep listening, asking probing questions, understanding power dynamics in the community, nonviolent conflict management, enabling inclusive dialogue, what do I bring to a community and developing a reflective practice.

Participatory video and participatory radio are forms of participatory media in which a group creates their own film or radio show. The idea behind this is that making a video or radio show is easy and accessible, and is a great way of bringing people together to explore issues, voice concerns or simply to be creative and tell stories. This approach can be very empowering, enabling a group or community to explore issues and take action to solve their own problems, and also to communicate their needs and ideas to decision-makers and/or other groups and communities. As such, participatory video and radio can be a highly effective approach to engage and mobilize communities, and to help them to implement their own forms of sustainable development based on local needs.

This consultancy focuses on an additional skill set: participatory facilitation using creative methods. The work will build on learning and evidence from participatory approaches using creative methods, such as participatory theatre, participatory photography, participatory video, participatory radio etc.


Participatory video and participatory radio are forms of participatory media in which a group creates their own film or radio show. The idea behind this is that making a video or radio show is easy and accessible, and is a great way of bringing people together to explore issues, voice concerns or simply to be creative and tell stories. This approach can be very empowering, enabling a group or community to explore issues and take action to solve their own problems, and also to communicate their needs and ideas to decision-makers and/or other groups and communities. As such, participatory video and radio can be a highly effective approach to engage and mobilize communities, and to help them to implement their own forms of sustainable development based on local needs.

Aim of consultancy


The aim of the consultancy is to:

  • To conduct a light touch review of published and grey literature to identify evidence of the effectiveness of participatory approaches using creative methods in both development and humanitarian contexts (theatre, video, radio, photography etc.) to ensure community mobilisation, engagement and ownership.
  • Based on the outcome of the evidence review: to draft guidance on participatory facilitation using creative methods as a skills set in community level child protection and develop a) a related one to two day training module for facilitators and b.) a ‘facilitation tool’ as per the facilitation tools included in Mike Wessells’ Toolkit for reflective practice in supporting community-led child protection processes (3) .
  • To conduct a quick scan compile an overview of the best available guidance and training manuals for specific participatory approaches using creative methods (such as participatory theatre, participatory video, participatory radio, participatory photography) and a user friendly overview of the resources.
  • To identify the top 15 creative tools which could be used during the different phases in a communitylevel child protection process.

Deliverables


The expected deliverables are:

  • A (simple) search protocol for the evidence review.
  • A report with the key findings of the evidence review.
  • Guidance on participatory facilitation using creative methods as a skill set in community level child protection (max 2 pages).
  • A ‘facilitation tool’ on participatory facilitation using creative methods (max 7 pages).
  • A participatory and creative one to two days day training module for facilitators on participatory facilitation using creative methods (template available).
  • A user-friendly overview of the best available guidance and training manuals for specific participatory approaches using creative methods.
  • Per phase in the community-level child protection process: a list of the top 15 creative tools, with a brief description per tool (format available, which will be used in the call for tools – see under methodology).

Methodologies

  • Desk review.
  • Aggregation of findings.
  • Drafting process.

Save the Children and War Child Holland will coordinate a call for resources, sent out internally within different child protection agencies, to capture:

  • Available guidance and training manuals for specific participatory approaches using creative methods (participatory theatre, participatory video, participatory radio, participatory photography etc).
  • Creative tools proven to be effective in child protection work in both development and humanitarian contexts, categorised per phase in the community engagement process. Shared resources could be in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

Time period and duration of the consultancy

27 days in Nov and Dec 2019

Key milestones


Deliverable | Time investment
- Light touch review of published and grey literature (protocol, review, key findings) | 10 days
- Overview of the best available training manuals for specific participatory approaches using creative methods | 2 days (search is part of light touch review)
- Guidance on participatory facilitation using creative methods as a skill set in community level child protection (max 2 pages) | 2 days (draft, review, final version)
- A ‘facilitation tool’ on participatory facilitation using creative methods (max 7 pages) | 4 days (draft, review, final version)
- A participatory and creative one day training module for facilitators on participatory facilitation using creative methods | 5 days (draft, review, final version)
- Per phase in the community-level child protection process: a list of the top 15 creative tools, with a brief description per tool | 4 days
Total | 27 days

Profile of the Consultant

  • Master’s degree in relevant field
  • Minimum of 6 years relevant experience in a development and/or humanitarian context
  • Recognized expertise in one or more of the following participatory approaches: participatory theatre, participatory video, participatory radio, participatory photography etc.
  • Strong experience in developing and facilitating participatory trainings
  • Excellent creative and participatory facilitation skills
  • Excellent report-writing and analytical capacities
  • Fluent in English, preferable also French, Spanish and/or Arabic (oral and written)
  • Proven Consultancy experience, including ability to work collaboratively and deliver quality results according to a set timeframe

Application


Applications for this consultancy can be sent to tender.nl@warchild.nl and include a cover letter, CV and references.

Deadline for application: 20 October 2019. Interviews will be held on 22 October.